Milk is a nutritious intake is high, generally obtained from cow’s milk. The composition of milk nutrients is very complex and contains a variety of nutrients needed by the body, especially children in the growth period.
Since birth, the child is recommended to get the intake of dairy, starting from MILK that contains a lot of nutrients as well as the source of the endurance, up to the introduction to types of whole milk or whole milk that is commonly consumed ranging in age from 1-2 years. Because, the fat in milk is needed for brain development of the child.
The Nutrition content in Milk
In a period of growth, the child must be given the intake of food with balanced nutrition. Equip it with the provision of milk is also suggested by the experts. It aims to keep the child’s immune system and help the process of growth.
Research shows that milk is beneficial in bone formation for the long term, because milk is rich in calcium. Milk also provides carbohydrates as a source of energy that it takes children to activities throughout the day.
In addition, there is some content of other nutritional contained in milk, among other things:
Milk became one of the sources of protein of high quality which is very good for growth and health. This type of protein is casein protein and whey. Casein Protein is beneficial in increasing the absorption of minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, while whey protein is very good for the growth and maintenance of muscles.
- Milk fat
milk Fat is one of natural fat which is the most complex. In children, the fat of the milk help the growth. Give the child milk as it needs to support the growth of the child without increasing the risk of obesity.
- Vitamins and Minerals
Milk is a good source of vitamins and minerals that are very good. Among these are vitamin B12, calcium, riboflavin, and phosphorus. In addition, most dairy products are also fortified with many other vitamins, including vitamins A and D.
Things that Must be Considered in Giving Milk To the Child
To support optimal growth, milk is a great nutrient that is important for the child. However, the abundance of the feeding of milk should be adjusted to the age of the child, namely :
- About 480 ml or 2 cups of milk per day, for children aged 2 -3 years.
- About 600 ml, or about 2-3 cups per day, for children aged 4-8 years.
- About 720 ml or about 3 cups per day, for children aged 9 years and above.
There are different types of milk in the market based on the production process, including UHT milk (ultra high temperature). You should select the UHT milk fresh with expiration dates are still far away. Research shows, the closer to the date kedalurasa then the risk of the milk is subjected to contamination is higher. The expired milk can be ensured through the label indicated on the packaging.
In addition, generally on the packaging there is also a label that gives a description of the value of the nutrients contained in milk. It is advisable to pay attention to the packaging of milk to be purchased, make sure it is made from materials safe and intact, this will help maintain the quality of the milk in the packaging to keep it nice and not easily exposed to air and impurities from around.
Note also the taste of the milk taken by the child. Not like white milk, chocolate milk generally contains added sugar. Every one glass of milk chocolate, there is added sugar to about three teaspoons. Customize with a portion of sugar in a child who does not exceed 8 teaspoons per day.
In addition, it is necessary to note the salt content in the milk. Don’t add salt to milk to the child for the sake of getting the savory taste of milk. Salt intake in children should also be adjusted with the number of their daily needs, and usually salt has been obtained also from the food. Add salt to milk can cause consumption of salt in the child becomes excess and can add a sense of thirst and hunger, so increases the risk of excess weight in children.
Give milk to the child as a complement to the nutrients, in accordance with the suggested serving. Select milk by a process that guaranteed freshness and savory flavors original milk.